Theory 2: Anthropology and the Experience of Limits|
Theory 1 and Theory 2 are core courses for the major, designed to elucidate historical influences on contemporary anthropological theory. While precise topics may vary from year to year, the overarching goal of the courses remains the same: to familiarize students with the main traditions from which the discipline of anthropology emerged and to explore the diverse ways in which contemporary anthropological practice defines itself both with and against its antecedents. This semester, our topic is anthropology and the experience of limits.
This course considers the possibilities of an anthropology of transgression, excess, and unreason. This would be an anthropology of all things cultural that work outside the logic of function and utility--that is, of actions and events that, while being eminently social, exceed reason and rational explanation. We will take as our point of departure the work of Georges Bataille and his notion of "profitless expenditure" (dépense), with which he worked to develop a political economy that no longer has production and rationality as its core principles but rather, consumption and waste. For this "general economy," as he called it, in opposition to a "restricted economy," focused on utility, he drew from the anthropology of his time and its study of so-called primitive societies organized around complex systems of gift-giving, collective ritual, and periods of wasteful consumption (through festivals, for example). Ultimately, Bataille sought to formulate a critique of the early 20th-century European political and economic order, which emphasized individualism, rationality, and profit and which, he believed, was breeding disenchantment with liberal democracy, fostering totalitarian impulses, and leading to war and calamity.
Class readings and discussions will be organized around topics such as dépense and the festival; gift-giving and sacrifice; taboo and transgression; formlessness and abjection; sex and erotism; and subjectivity, excess, and the experience of limits. Students will develop research projects on these and other topics of their interest, which could include theoretical and ethnographic explorations of, for example, particular festivals, games of chance, religious experience, the writing of poetry, nonreciprocal giving (organ donation, surrogate motherhood), and the experience of extreme sports and high-risk tourism.
Students will learn to use the research methods of anthropology as an interpretive discipline.
||Gen Ed Area Dept:
|Course Format: Lecture / Discussion||Grading Mode: Graded|
||Fulfills a Major Requirement for: (ANTH)(SISP-Anth Conc)
||Past Enrollment Probability: Not Available
|Major Readings: Wesleyan RJ Julia Bookstore
Readings by Bataille, Nietzsche, Hegel, Kojève, Durkheim, Marcel Mauss, Lévi-Strauss, Roger Caillois, Michel Leiris, Derrida, Foucault, Julia Kristeva, and Hélène Cixous, as well as ethnographic or ethno-historical texts by Inga Clendinnen, Alan Klima, Pierre Clastres, and Michael Taussig.
|Examination and Assignments: |
Short papers, class presentation, final research paper, and final research presentation.
|Additional Requirements and/or Comments: |
|Instructor(s): Gandolfo,Daniella Times: ..T.R.. 02:40PM-04:00PM; Location: FISK305; |
|Total Enrollment Limit: 25||SR major: 10||JR major: 15|| || |
|Seats Available: 1||GRAD: X||SR non-major: X||JR non-major: X||SO: X||FR: X|